A beautiful face is a balanced faced with the eyes, nose, lips, cheek and chin in proportion to each other. Facial implants can be used to enhance structural integrity and create a more balanced and attractive face in patients with a disproportion between the different sections of the face.
Chin implants – can increase the size and projection of a chin that does not appear in proportion with the forehead and mid-face.
For a chin implant, the incision may be inside your mouth, along the crease that joins your lower lip and gums. An incision just beneath the chin is an alternative.
Facial deformities refer to any malformations or distortion of the facial features. The impairment may either be congenital or acquired. They can occur due to severe burns, accidents, penetrating injuries, cleft lip and cleft palate (abnormal cleft formed in upper lip and/or palate), maxillary hypoplasia (protruding lower jaw) or Treacher Collins syndrome (abnormally formed cheek and lower jaw bones).
In dentistry the term “occlusion” means the contact between the upper and lower teeth. Malocclusion is the improper contact between the upper and lower teeth.
Missing teeth and severe gum disease can cause the jawbone to shrink over time. Areas of the jaw bone with missing teeth can resorb and lead to bone loss and a decrease in the quality of the bone. Missing areas of bone in the jaw can preclude placement of dental implants to replace the missing teeth. Bone grafting is performed to replace missing bone and to promote new bone growth. The procedure helps restore the normal dimensions of the jaw bone.
The primary teeth, also called baby teeth, erupt between the ages of 8 to 30 months and shed between the ages of 6 to 12 years. The secondary teeth, also called permanent teeth or adult teeth erupt from the age of 6 to 25 years. Impaction can occur during the growth of the secondary teeth when one or more teeth ceases to erupt and remains underneath the gum line, either partially or completely.
The palate or roof of the mouth is made up of two parts, the hard palate (the front bony part of the mouth, behind the front teeth) and the soft palate (the fleshy, flexible part at the back of the mouth). The palate is formed in the sixth to ninth week of pregnancy, while the lips are formed during the fourth to seventh week. Cleft lip and cleft palate, referred to as orofacial clefts, are the most common birth defects that occur when your baby’s lip or palate do not form completely, leaving a physical gap or split in the lip or palate.
Any injury to the face and upper jaw bone may be referred to as facial trauma. Facial trauma occurs as a result of blunt or penetrating injuries to any part of the face, including the upper and lower jaws, cheeks, nose, and forehead areas. Facial injuries can cause fractures to any of the facial bones and damage the skin and soft tissues leading to disfigurement and long-term psychological problems. Some of the common causes of facial trauma include assault, motor vehicle accidents, and sports injuries.
A lesion is an abnormal lump, bump or crack on the skin that can be malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). It can occur on the face, causing cosmetic problems. Your surgeon may recommend removal of the facial skin lesion as a treatment or for diagnostic purposes.
The Temporo-mandibular Joint is the joint of the jaw which we commonly refer to as the TMJ. There are two joints, one on either side of the head. Temporo-mandibular joints are located in front of your ears where your lower jaw meets the skull. You will be able to feel the joint when you place your fingers in front of your ears on either side of your head and try to open and close your mouth.
Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder where patients have abnormal breathing pattern during sleep i.e. they pause during breathing or breathing gets very shallow.