Headache And TMJ Problems

Headache And TMJ Problems

What causes TMJ disorder?

It is commonly thought that TMJ pain has a ‘multifactorial’ cause. It can be due to
⦁ Tension or overuse of jaw muscles (like during clenching or grinding during sleep or biting nails)
⦁ Wear and tear to the cartilage inside the joint, mainly happens in older people due to arthritis.
⦁ Injury or trauma to the joint itself or elsewhere in the jaw.
⦁ Teeth that don't fit together properly, out of line, or missing teeth, cause occlusion problems, i.e. the way the teeth meet when your jaws bite together.
⦁ If your lower jaw is in the wrong position, the muscles that move the jaw have to work a lot harder and can get tired. This leads to muscle spasm.

What are the signs of TMJ disfunction?

- Pain in the jaw joints and facial muscles.

- Clicking noise, grinding or locking of the jaw

- Headache (especially in the morning), dizziness,

- Pain behind your eyes, sinus pain and pain in your neck and shoulders. Sometimes even back muscles are involved.

- Difficulty in opening or closing the mouth comfortably

- Pain on talking, chewing (especially hard food) & yawning

- Ear pain, ringing in the ears (tinnitus) & hearing loss

How can I tell if I have a problem?

Most people have missing teeth or imperfect occlusion, clench or grind their teeth, yet they are not aware of it or simply because they adjust to their problems. However, in times of increased stress and tension, the symptoms may re-appear Sometimes this can be caused by anxiety, but generally most people clench their teeth when they are concentrating on a task. You may wake up in the morning with a stiff jaw or tenderness when you bite together. This could be due to clenching or grinding your teeth in your sleep. If you suffer from severe headaches, or neck and shoulder pain, you may not have linked this with possible jaw problems. Or you may keep having pain or discomfort on the side of your face around your ears or jaw joints or difficulty in moving your jaw. If you are missing some teeth at the back of your mouth, this may lead to an unbalanced bite, which can cause uneven pressure on your teeth.

How are these problems treated?

The treatment depends on the symptoms you are experiencing. The best way to find out is to ask our maxillo-facial surgeon, Dr. Maen Al Khateeb, for a TMJ consultation.

In general, he will discuss with you

⦁ Various relaxation techniques and mandibular exercises in order to control the tension on your masseter muscles.

⦁ When grinding and clenching are the main reason of muscular spasm, our Max Fax™ Surgeon will discuss the option of using a dental guard at night, a device designed to protect the teeth and prevent TMJ.

⦁ The unbalanced bite due to misplaced teeth can be fixed with orthodontic appliances. In case it is due to missing teeth, the best option is to replace them by dental implants.

⦁ In more complex cases, when the jaw is mispositioned or after an injury, a surgical procedure might be the option. However, do not forget that the consultation is the starting point in order to evaluate the best option for your case.

Who can I contact for an assessment?

You can book your TMJ consultation at Florentia Clinic with Dr. Maen Al Khateeb by calling
Landline: +971 434 22 000
Mobile: +971 56 8737 444